The extensive flooding in many parts of Canada has left a number of Conservative political leaders frantically treading water – with increasing difficulty. It was hard to make out their words as they paddled, gulped for air, and submerged periodically, but the comments appeared to be as follows:
As I have written elsewhere, rapid urbanization in the early years of the 20th century, partly fuelled by immigration, left Canadian cities with transportation problems, inadequate housing, and overworked water and sewage treatment systems. These factors created a serious health hazard. During this period, one in three deaths was caused by tuberculosis, and typhoid and flu epidemics claimed more casualties than World War I. Middle and upper class citizens, warned that disease does not respect social standing, lobbied for measures that expanded the powers of health and building inspectors and improved housing standards.
C. Richard Tindal, Ph.D is a retired Professor of Government. He taught for 30 years at St. Lawrence College, Kingston and was an occasional Visiting Professor at Queen's University. He has also written and consulted extensively about government.