While I can appreciate that those opposed to nuclear weapons, and the continuing threat they pose to mankind, would regard the bombing of Hiroshima (and Nagasaki three days later) as an act deserving of our condemnation. However, I believe that some historical context is needed with respect to these bombings. World War Two was essentially over in the summer of 1945, but the Japanese would not surrender as a matter of national pride. This led American President Harry Truman to deploy a new weapon, the atomic bomb. Terrible as the bombings were – and of that there is no doubt – they prompted the Japanese to surrender just one week later. As a result, many thousands of lives, Allied as well as Japanese, were saved.